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Civilian Contractors by the Numbers

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Top 15 Companies Reporting Deaths for Contractors

Company NameDeathsPercent of Total
L-3 Communications (includes Titan) 35827.90%
KBR957.40%
Sandy Group574.44%
PWC Logistics544.21%
DynCorp International463.59%
Hart GMSSCO LTD.413.20%
ArmorGroup International Limited362.81%
Kulak Construction Company302.34%
Blackwater Security Consulting292.26%
Prime Projects International272.10%
Aegis Defense Service262.03%
EOD Technology, Inc.251.95%
Al- Naseem Company For General Trading221.71%
Sallyport Global Services201.56%
The Shaw Group201.56%

Data from the Labor Department's Longshore Case Management System and analyzed by the Los Angeles Times and ProPublica.
Numbers include all deaths reported to the Labor Department from 2003 to Dec. 31, 2008. Figures included contractors killed by acts of war, industrial accidents and illness.

Profitable Policies

The system produced hundreds of millions of dollars in out-sized profits for the private insurance companies, of which American International Group was the largest. The top firms raked in more than $1.5 billion in premiums ultimately paid by U.S. taxpayers, earning nearly $600 million in profit.

CompanyNet Earned PremiumPayments and ExpensesUnderwriting GainPercent Gain
AIG $1,305,827,000 $805,740,000 $500,087,000 38%
ACE $88,608,000 $64,487,000 $24,121,000 27%
CNA $110,722,000 $52,722,000 $58,000,000 52%
Chubb $7,940,000 $4,902,000 $3,038,000 38%

Graph: Insurance Carrier Gain on Iraq and Afghanistan Compensation Policies 2002-2007

Data compiled by House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, May 15, 2008

Skyrocketing Costs for Injured Contractors

Total payments for health care and compensation benefits jumped 14-fold, to more than $170-million annually

YearCases PaidCompensation for Lost WorkMedicalTotalAverage Per Claim
2001516 $7,212,869 $2,198,061 $9,410,930 $18,238
2002430 $5,480,592 $2,101,403 $7,581,995 $17,633
2003688 $7,885,666 $3,452,728 $11,338,394 $16,480
20041592 $19,432,369 $10,647,020 $30,079,389 $18,894
20053080 $36,140,994 $23,656,467 $59,797,461 $19,415
20065039 $66,973,732 $48,781,929 $115,755,661 $22,972
200711887 $100,319,949 $69,815,704 $170,135,653 $14,313

Graph: Skyrocketing costs for injured contractors

Data supplied by Department of Labor

The More Serious the Injury, the More Likely the Protest

In cases where workers suffered an injury resulting in more than four days of lost work, companies filed a protest in about 43% of cases, the investigation found. Even in cases where a worker was killed, the carriers filed protests in more than a third of cases.

Injury Type Total Cases Cases Disputed Percentage of Disputes
No lost days of work 19,261 1,089 6%
More than four lost days of work 8,948 3,865 43%
Deaths 1,283 476 37%
Less than four lost days of work 1,112 245 22%

Graph: The more serious the injury, the more likely the protest

Data from Labor Department's Longshore Case Management System and analyzed by ProPublica and the Los Angeles Times.
Insurance carriers may file multiple disputes in any one case. Carriers may also file disputes to protect their legal rights and provide them time to gather information. The Labor Department does not count a dispute as "genuine" until the case has developed to show disagreement between two parties.
For the purposes of this analysis, any initial protest filed by a carrier was counted as a dispute since all such protests have the potential to delay medical or compensation payments to injured contractors or survivors.
Disputes over attorney fees were not included in the count.

Produced by Dan Nguyen and Krista Kjellman, ProPublica