Journalism in the Public Interest

The Man Behind Pakistan Spy Agency’s Plot to Influence Washington

In some ways, Syed Ghulam Nabi Fai was living the American dream, with friends in high places and a nice home in suburban Washington. Now the advocate for Kashmir is under house arrest, facing a charge that he was a foreign agent.


Syed Ghulam Nabi Fai, 62, at his home in Fairfax, Va., where he remains under house arrest for allegedly failing to register as a foreign agent in the U.S. Fai has been accused of working for Pakistan's main spy agency. (Habiba Nosheen for ProPublica)

The night should have been a coup for Syed Ghulam Nabi Fai. Once a poor villager from halfway around the world, Fai had become the go-to man in Washington, D.C., for his cause, Kashmir, the Himalayan region long caught in a tug of war between Pakistan and India.

And there he was on March 4, 2010, hosting a fundraiser for Rep. Dan Burton, the Indiana Republican who had been the chief supporter in Congress of Fai's Kashmiri American Council for 20 years. In some ways, the event inside Fai's home in Fairfax, Va., symbolized everything that Fai had become, featuring speeches in the living room and kebabs and curries in the basement.

But it barely camouflaged how Fai's carefully built world was collapsing.

The FBI was monitoring almost every move Fai made, every email he sent, every call he received. Investigators believed Fai's main donors were not well-meaning idealists but members of the Inter-Services Intelligence Directorate, or ISI, the most powerful of Pakistan's spy agencies.

Within weeks, the Justice Department would send Fai a letter of warning. Within months, he would be pulled over by New York police with $35,000 in cash in his car. And by the next year, Fai would be arrested, the unlikely central character in a scheme by a foreign government to pay more than $4 million to sway U.S. politicians and policy on Kashmir, the Justice Department says.

Fai's tale of rags to riches to arrest this summer is a lesson in how easy it is to win influence in Washington. Fai mingled with some of America's top politicians, meeting former President Bill Clinton and drawing as many as 32 members of Congress to his annual conference on Kashmir. Fai's access to power illustrates an issue that could become even more significant in this election cycle: foreign money illegally coming into U.S. political campaigns.

But the case, the first known criminal prosecution of its kind, could also involve much more. It is unfolding at a particularly sour moment in the relationship between the United States and Pakistan, once a key ally in the war on terror. Fai's alleged accomplice, Zaheer Ahmad, is a prominent Pakistani-American who runs one of the nicest hospitals in Pakistan. The FBI has reportedly questioned at least one person about Ahmad's ties to a Pakistani nuclear scientist who once met with Osama bin Laden.

To the Indian media, FBI and Justice Department, Fai had long denied being an agent of Pakistan. That changed the day he was arrested. Then, the FBI says, he told an agent that for 15 years, the ISI had funneled money to him and directed him to attend certain conferences and even to report back on certain people.

"He was living a lie," Assistant U.S. Attorney Gordon Kromberg said at Fai's initial court hearing. "When he spoke to politicians, when he spoke to members of Congress, when he spoke to heads of state, he didn't say, 'I get my money from the ISI.' "

A Pakistani embassy official in Washington, who spoke on condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the case, said allegations that Fai and Ahmad were working for the ISI were false. "The ISI has no connection with these two persons," he said, adding that the FBI has not talked to anyone at the embassy about the investigation.

So far, Fai, 62, and Ahmad, 63, have been accused of failing to register as foreign agents, punishable by a maximum of five years in prison. Fai also has been accused of making false statements. But Ahmad, who is free in Pakistan, and Fai, released on $100,000 bond and under house arrest, may soon face other charges. A grand jury has been hearing evidence, and a recent deadline to indict the men or drop the case was extended by two months.

Typically, people at the center of such cases remain a mystery, refusing to speak about their predicament or what led up to it. Fai, a birdlike man with a sing-song voice and thinning hair combed to the side, declined to talk about the case against him. But in his only interview since his arrest, Fai offered a detailed account of his journey from being a victim of world events to, in some small way, a shaper of them. Another U.S. ally, Saudi Arabia, played a pivotal role in his transformation, he explained. Mostly, though, Fai spoke about Kashmir, which remains his focus even amid his legal troubles.

"[My wife] said, 'You are not doing anything wrong, so you are helping your people of Kashmir,' " said Fai, sitting on a floral-patterned couch beneath a framed verse of the Quran. "And we know it's not an easy job, but we have to live with it."


Fai was born in 1949, just after the first war between Pakistan and India over Kashmir. India had held onto the Muslim-majority territory during its partition with Pakistan, even though Pakistan claimed it. The U.N. brokered a truce and called for a plebiscite for Kashmiris, which never happened. Kashmir remained split.

Fai grew up in a poor farming village near poplars and rice paddies about 25 miles outside Srinagar, the summer capital of India's state of Jammu and Kashmir. His father was an Islamic cleric.

The struggle over Kashmir consumed Fai: He listened to speeches from Pakistan on an illicit transistor radio. He waited outside for eight hours to see a leader just released from jail. By 1965, India and Pakistan were again at war over Kashmir, and Fai recalled watching his family slaughter sheep and chickens, then taking food and clothes to Pakistani soldiers hiding in the forest.

That year, at age 16, Fai married, his first wife said. The couple had two children. Both died young.

Fai attended college in Srinagar and fell in with the Jamaat-e-Islami, a fundamentalist South Asian Islamic group later linked to militant groups. He worked as the executive assistant to the local Jamaat founder, said Syed Atiqullah Ashiq, a Jamaat colleague and friend.

In 1976, shortly after India's prime minister declared an emergency and banned groups like Jamaat, Fai left home for a university outside Delhi and eventually for Saudi Arabia.

There, his life changed with one chance encounter in July 1980. A university dean encouraged Fai to reach out to the imam of Ka'aba—the cleric who leads prayers at the holiest site in Islam. Fai recalled inviting the imam to a Kashmir conference sponsored by Jamaat in Srinagar. The cleric agreed. At age 31, Fai returned to Kashmir, escorting perhaps the most influential Islamic leader in the world.

Tens of thousands of people showed up to hear the imam give a series of speeches. At one point, the scene was so chaotic Fai lost a shoe.

"It really revolutionized the whole thinking of the people of Kashmir: We are not alone," Fai recalled.

Fai and the imam of Kaaba played a pivotal role in introducing the strict Saudi vision of Islam to Kashmir, which traditionally had been more moderate, said Arif Jamal, a Pakistani journalist who has written a book on the shadow war in Kashmir and who researched Fai's role.

After that visit, Fai left Kashmir and never returned to India. He said he had heard he would be arrested for treason. Several family members said they hadn't heard from him since.

"No phone, no letter, nothing, no correspondence right from 1980 until now," said Syed Ghulam Mohiuddin Habib, Fai's half-brother.

"Ghulam Nabi never wrote to me, never sent any money," said Peera Bano, his first wife.

Fai said he didn't write or call because he didn't want to endanger his family. He also said he divorced his first wife, which she denies.

By the end of 1980, Fai landed in the United States. Through the King Faisal Foundation, the Saudis agreed to pay for his schooling and living expenses, at least $50,000 a year. The Saudis even chose where he studied.

"They told me that you should go to Temple University, because one of the giants of Islamic scholarship was there; in fact, two giants," Fai recalled.

The late Ismail Raji al-Faruqi was a professor specializing in Islam at Temple and would soon help found the International Institute of Islamic Thought. (The institute later came under investigation in a federal probe into terrorism funding, although no charges were filed.) Another professor, Seyyed Hossein Nasr, a respected Islamic scholar, was trying to "Islamicize" the social sciences, Fai said.

At Temple, Fai became president of the Muslim Students Association of the U.S. & Canada, an organization started in part by members of the Muslim Brotherhood, which had spread from Egypt through the Middle East. Some branches of the Brotherhood were hardline; others, more moderate.

Fai also started working for the ISI in about 1985 while at Temple, according to correspondence cited by the FBI, although the affidavit does not make clear what he was doing.

After earning his doctorate in 1988, Fai joined the advisory council for the Islamic Society of North America, an umbrella group started by the Muslim Students Association that also received Saudi funding.

Soon, violence bloomed again in Kashmir. The Indian military cracked down on indigenous groups. Pakistan's ISI was blamed for sponsoring insurgent groups across the border in Kashmir.

A confidential witness allegedly told FBI agents that in 1989 the ISI picked Fai to run the Kashmiri American Council because he had no overt ties to Pakistan. Similar groups were set up in London and Brussels, the FBI said.

Incorporation documents filed in Maryland in April 1990 show Fai was one of three people who established the Kashmir center. A second founder was Rafia Syeed, the wife of Sayyid Syeed, one of the organizers of ISNA. The third founder’s father, who retired from the Pakistani military, also held a key post in a charity run by Fai’s alleged accomplice, Zaheer Ahmad. The Syeeds did not reply to requests for comment. The third founder, Mohammad Bilal Yousaf, denied knowing Fai. “I have never heard of Dr. Fai before, only what’s been reported in the media,” he said.

IRS filings show the group got startup funds from two board members and a $20,000 loan from the North American Islamic Trust, an ISNA-linked group that holds titles to about 300 U.S. mosques, Islamic centers and schools.

Fai rented an office suite about three blocks from the White House, IRS records show. The Kashmiri American Council was open for business.

Within weeks of establishing the group, Fai made his first campaign contribution, $500 to Burton. Neither man would say how they met, but Burton, who later gained fame for investigating the Clintons as chairman of the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee, was a natural friend for Fai. The congressman had just sponsored a bill aiming to curtail aid to India until human-rights abuse investigations were allowed, particularly in Punjab and Kashmir. "Not even the Red Cross has been allowed access to Kashmir," Burton announced on the House floor.

Months later, Fai invited people to the council's first delegates meeting at a Holiday Inn in Dayton, Ohio. Burton, Fai announced, had agreed to be the keynote speaker.


Over the next 20 years, Fai became the face of the separatist Kashmiri cause in the United States. He never advocated publicly for Kashmir to join Pakistan, calling instead for "self-determination."

At first, Hafiz Mohammad Sabir, now an imam of one of the largest Pakistani mosques in Brooklyn, N.Y., said he doubted Fai's commitment to Kashmir. "On that time, believe you me, he was alone," recalled Sabir, from the Pakistan side of Kashmir. "He cannot even come to the Kashmiri community and gather 10 Kashmiris."

But in about 1994, when Sabir was working as a cabdriver, he spotted Fai in midtown Manhattan, lugging a large bag through more than a foot of snow. Fai was handing out fliers about Kashmir, Sabir realized. He grabbed the bag, put it in his taxi and drove Fai wherever he wanted to go. After that, Sabir said, he helped Fai however he could, bringing busloads of mosque members to conferences in Washington and helping to spearhead protests in New York.

At about the same time, Fai was making inroads with U.S. politicians. In 1993, Fai wrote President Clinton about the suffering of Kashmiris, winning news coverage when Clinton wrote back. In 1996, Fai met Republican presidential nominee Bob Dole at the Republican National Convention. In 2000, he met Clinton in Chicago, just before Clinton visited India.

Fai grew particularly close to a few House Republicans. In 2002, an ally of Fai's, Rep. Joe Pitts of Pennsylvania, helped form a congressional forum on Kashmir. In an interview, Pitts said he met Fai after becoming interested in Kashmir and felt that Fai wanted Kashmiris, Indians and Pakistanis to come up with a peaceful solution together. "Dr. Fai is an old gentleman, an American citizen interested in giving back to his homeland, interested in peace and peace talks," Pitts said.

Fai's most significant relationship was with Dan Burton. In 2004, Fai testified in front of Burton's subcommittee hearing on human-rights abuses in Kashmir. Burton introduced him personally, saying, "I've known Dr. Fai for a long time."

In 2007, Fai was given the American Spirit Medal, the highest award from the National Republican Senatorial Committee, for being committed to conservative principles.

Fai also leapt onto the world stage. He traveled to more than 40 countries, from Indonesia to Spain. Fai said he met with more than 1,000 ambassadors from around the world.

In Pakistan, he was treated like a visiting dignitary. In June 2009, Fai stayed at the best hotel in Islamabad and met the president, prime minister and foreign minister. A video from the trip showed Fai and President Asif Ali Zardari sitting in white armchairs, flanking a photo of Zardari's late wife, Benazir Bhutto.

Each year, starting in 2003, Fai co-hosted a Kashmir peace conference, usually on Capitol Hill. The 2007 conference drew Pitts, a dozen other members of Congress and various Pakistani dignitaries, as well as a handful of Indian and Indian-American human-rights activists and scholars. Fai covered the expenses of almost all the attendees who traveled to Washington.

About 20 of Fai's guests then flew with him to Montevideo, Uruguay's capital, for a one-day conference on Kashmir. They met with a group of Uruguayan generals and attended sessions that ran over familiar ground.

"[Fai] spoke about the usual things," recalled Angana Chatterji, an Indian-American scholar who attended the event. "He has this list of dignitaries he brings up and issues like the U.N. treaties and self-determination."

Fai paid for the group's flights. He also covered accommodations at the Radisson, one of Montevideo's nicer hotels, having about $13,000 wired to him to cover the tab in cash, Sabir said.

By last year, Fai was in some ways living the American dream. His second wife, whom he had met at Temple, had found a good job at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. They had bought a four-bedroom brick house in the Virginia suburbs for more than $650,000. They had raised two children, one who studied at Ohio State University, the other at Stanford.

But behind the scenes, things were unraveling.


As far back as 1991, stories in the Indian press referred to Fai as an "agent." The Indian embassy refused to send anyone to his conferences. Others were also suspicious: How did Fai have so much money? How could a shoestring nonprofit afford an office near the White House and a top-notch PR firm?

"I have always felt, and I know my view is widely shared by others working on the Kashmir issue in the Washington area, that Dr. Fai's Kashmiri American Council was subsidized by the Pakistan government," said Howard Schaffer, a former U.S. diplomat and Kashmir expert who has known Fai for about 15 years.

The Kashmiri American Council never operated like an ordinary charity, according to nonprofit experts. Money, sometimes large amounts, passed through it in unusual ways.

Several council supporters said they had donated regularly, maybe a few thousand dollars at a time, and were unaware of the ISI's purported role in funding the group. But the FBI says the largest donations came from a group of at least 13 unnamed "straw donors," Pakistani-American doctors and businessmen who gave cash to Fai or wrote checks to the Kashmiri American Council. Several received tax write-offs for their contributions.

Zaheer Ahmad, who ran Shifa International Hospital in Islamabad, allegedly reimbursed the straw donors with money he received from the ISI.

At minimum, the write-offs violated U.S. tax laws, experts said. "That's not allowed," said Eli Bartov, a research professor of financial accounting at the Stern School of Business at New York University. "You can only get the deduction if you make the contribution."

But there was a larger mystery.

Internal budget documents confiscated by the FBI show far more money flowing through the Kashmiri American Council than reflected in the group's annual IRS filings. In its 2008 IRS filing, for example, the group reported spending $291,807, while the budget documents say the amount was more than twice that much, $690,380. In 2009, the council's reported spending was $332,706, while its internal records said $662,730.

So far, the government has not offered an explanation for these discrepancies. Fai did not answer questions on the matter.

Pablo Eisenberg, an expert on philanthropy and a senior fellow at the Georgetown Public Policy Institute, said there could be several reasons for the conflicting information.

"One is, he wants to downsize for public consumption," Eisenberg said of Fai. "Or ... he's taking the money to use for his own purposes, whether spending it on himself or giving it to some other organization."

It's also possible Fai reported money he received by check but not in cash, particularly cash transferred to him outside the United States, said Marcus Owens, the former head of the IRS unit that oversees nonprofits.

Fai's internal budget documents spelled out plans to spend $80,000 to $100,000 a year on campaign contributions to members of Congress, the FBI said.

But donations made by Fai, his associates and board members appear to fall far short of those amounts, campaign finance records show.

Date Contribution
From Fai
Politician or Political Group
5/4/1990 $500 Burton, Dan (R)
9/4/1990 $790 Burton, Dan (R)
5/20/1991 $500 Burton, Dan (R)
9/30/1992 $1,000 Kasten, Bob (R)
10/5/1994 $500 Burton, Dan (R)
6/12/1995 $500 Burton, Dan (R)
6/25/1996 $500 Durbin, Richard J (D)
6/28/1996 $500 Rahall, Nick J II (D)
8/14/1996 $500 Rohrabacher, Dana (R)
3/21/1997 $500 Kucinich, Dennis (D)
5/28/1997 $500 Burton, Dan (R)
2/27/1998 $1,000 Moran, James P Jr (D)
8/9/1999 $250 Gore, Al (D)
9/28/1999 $250 Sununu, John E (R)
9/5/2000 $250 Meeks, Gregory W (D)
7/14/2004 $3,500 National Republican Senatorial Cmte (R)
9/13/2004 $2,000 Pitts, Joe (R)
9/28/2004 $2,000 Burton, Dan (R)
5/2/2005 $1,000 Burton, Dan (R)
10/6/2006 $5,000 National Republican Senatorial Cmte (R)
2/21/2007 $500 Clarke, Yvette D (D)
6/19/2008 $1,000 National Republican Senatorial Cmte (R)
9/15/2008 $2,000 Burton, Dan (R)
11/2/2008 $250 Obama, Barack (D)
6/25/2009 $250 Democratic Senatorial Campaign Cmte (D)
3/23/2010 $2,000 Burton, Dan (R)
4/16/2010 $250 DNC Services Corp (D)
6/9/2011 $375 DNC Services Corp (D)
Sources: FEC and

Fai has given $28,165 to federal candidates and political parties since 1990, including $10,290 to Burton and $9,500 to the National Republican Senatorial Committee. Others connected to Fai, Ahmad and the Kashmiri American Council's board of directors donated at least $93,456 during those years, including $28,551 to Burton.

So far, the FBI has identified only $4,000 in ISI money that went into campaign contributions, from Ahmad and his nephew. Pitts and Burton received $2,000 each, the FBI said.

Ultimately, the affidavit may tell only part of what the FBI was actually investigating.

Agents first learned of the case in 2005 from an informant who wanted to reduce his jail sentence. The counterterrorism division of the FBI's Washington field office started looking into Fai—and more troubling allegations against Ahmad.

A Pakistani-American physicist, Gul Chughtai, who specializes in cancer treatment and clashed with Ahmad while head of the cancer department at Shifa International Hospital, said he first talked to the FBI about Ahmad four years ago.

Chughtai said he met with four agents at the FBI's Philadelphia office, including one from Washington's counterterrorism division already investigating Ahmad. Chughtai said the agent has talked to him since, asking several times about a trip that Ahmad allegedly made to Afghanistan with an eccentric Pakistani nuclear scientist named Sultan Bashiruddin Mahmood.

Mahmood and another colleague had met with Osama bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri in Afghanistan in August 2001, when the al-Qaida leaders had allegedly inquired about nuclear weapons. Mahmood was later placed under house arrest and has been largely isolated in Islamabad since.

Chughtai, who in the 1990s had set up a MRI machine next door to Mahmood and knew that Mahmood and Ahmad were friendly, said he had heard rumors that Ahmad had once accompanied a nuclear scientist to see bin Laden but had forgotten the scientist's name. And that was what the counterterrorism agent was most interested in.

"[He] called me and said, 'Dr. Chughtai, I have done more research about Zaheer than anybody else. I could do a thesis,' " Chughtai recalled. "He wanted me to send everything possible on Shifa. I faxed and faxed. One day he called and asked about Zaheer going with a nuclear scientist to see Osama. I said, 'I heard the story, don't remember the guy.' He asked if I would recognize the name. I said, 'Maybe.' He said, 'Bashiruddin.' And that was the name I remembered."

Chughtai said the FBI agent also asked about people working in the Pakistani embassy in Washington, but he didn't recognize any names.

An FBI official confirmed that the agent had met with Chughtai but refused to discuss the investigation. The official also verified to ProPublica that the agent who talked to Chughtai worked on the same team as Sarah Webb Linden, the FBI agent who signed the affidavit against Fai and Ahmad. The FBI requested that ProPublica not name the agent, to avoid compromising the investigation.


The FBI first questioned Fai in 2007 but seemed to step up its scrutiny in 2010.

That March, the Justice Department sent Fai a letter, telling him that the Indian press had reported that he was a Pakistani agent, and if so, he needed to register with the department as a foreign agent. Fai responded after several weeks, denying he was an agent of Pakistan.

Three months later, New York police pulled Fai over and found $35,000 in cash in his car. Fai claimed the money was from a man identified by the FBI as "Straw Donor B." After getting advice from Ahmad, the donor allegedly told the FBI that the money was from Sabir, the Brooklyn imam. But the cleric wasn't even in the United States when Fai was pulled over, the FBI said. In his interview with ProPublica, Sabir identified Straw Donor B as a man in his thirties named "Akif" and called him "a stupid boy." Sabir denied giving Akif money for Fai. ProPublica could not find Akif.

Despite the growing pressure, Fai kept traveling the world and kept asking the ISI for more money, the FBI said. Fai's lawyers have pointed out that Fai repeatedly chose to return to the United States, despite knowing he was being watched.

To some, Fai's behavior indicated that he believed that he was protected.

"The ISI probably told him: 'Don't worry, you're taken care of, you're part of the tacit agreement we have with the CIA,'" said Vijay Sazawal, who is from the Indian side of Kashmir and started a rival Kashmiri group in the United States. "He's not stupid. I have to believe he was confident he was shielded."

In February, Fai traveled to Pakistan, right about the time that U.S. and Pakistan relations were starting to fall apart. CIA operative Raymond Davis had been arrested for allegedly shooting two men in Lahore. The arrest and fallout heightened tensions between the countries.

When Fai returned home, his luggage was searched. Customs agents found what appeared to be excerpts of a court filing on Davis from the Lahore High Court. Within days, Linden, the FBI agent, visited Fai at home. She asked whether he knew anyone in the Pakistan government. Yes, he admitted. But he then suggested that none of them knew him, the FBI affidavit said.

Fai also allegedly showed Linden the court filing, which had a photocopy of a photograph of Fai on the back.

Linden testified that she emailed Fai on July 13, asking to meet again "to talk about the situation in Kashmir." Fai agreed.

She showed up at Fai's house after he returned from a trip to the United Kingdom, on the morning of July 18. Fai again denied working with the ISI.

That night, Fai went out to dinner with family and friends. After coming home, Fai or a family member called the police to report a suspicious car parked near Fai's driveway. FBI agents were in the car.

The next morning, Fai was arrested as he drove his wife toward the subway.

Before charges against Fai and Ahmad were were publicly announced, agents fanned out across the United States, questioning about 18 men linked to Ahmad, said Shafqat Chaudhary, who serves on the boards of Ahmad's hospital and his U.S. charity, the Society for International Help. Chaudhary, a Long Island businessman, said the FBI questioned him but declined to say what it asked him. He said he wasn't involved in transferring money for Ahmad and had done nothing wrong. Chaudhary said none of the men questioned by the FBI had been arrested, as far as he knew.

Sabir said law-enforcement agents—he wasn't certain which agency they were from—also questioned him, showing him photographs of Chaudhary, Akif and Ahmad, along with several photographs of men he didn't know. He said he had not moved money to Fai.

In a phone conversation, Ahmad said he was free and working at Shifa. "Until this case is finished, I can't discuss this," Ahmad told a ProPublica reporter. "And it could be dangerous for you, too."

Some of Fai's supporters defended him. They pointed out that Fai was arrested the same day U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton was in India, where officials had long complained about his group. They pointed out that Kromberg, the assistant U.S. attorney on the case, has been accused of anti-Muslim bias. They said they believe Fai was a victim of the chill in U.S.-Pakistan relations.

"They say that when two elephants fight, it's the grass that gets trampled," said Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, the leader of a moderate separatist group in Kashmir who always traveled with Fai when visiting the United States. "Similarly, poor Fai has been a victim of these cross-agency wars."

At a detention hearing on July 26, Fai's lawyers indicated they will argue that even if Fai got money from the ISI, he didn't follow its directions. "His message was always his own message," said one lawyer, Khurrum Wahid, in a news conference after the hearing. "It was never the message of the Pakistani government."

Some legal experts said the case raised questions about why the Justice Department would so aggressively pursue Fai, even asking for pretrial confinement, considering the relatively light charge. Charles Swift, a former military defense lawyer who has represented high-profile terror defendants in private practice, said he researched the registration law and could not find another case in which criminal charges had been pursued.

Even when the Irish Northern Aid Committee in New York was accused of being a front for the Irish Republican Army, the group was only sued civilly and eventually forced to register. A group of 10 Russian spies was charged with failing to register last year, but they were allowed to leave the country as part of a spy swap.

Several Kashmiris said they worried that the real victim in the case would be their struggle for self-determination.

"The Kashmir movement, as we talk about it in Washington, D.C., was identified with Dr. Fai," said Mumtaz Wani, a lawyer in Washington from the Indian side of Kashmir. "And we find it's a huge setback to us. At this stage I don't feel that many in Congress will be willing to talk to us. Not even Dan Burton."

Burton and Pitts announced they would donate any campaign contributions linked to Fai and Ahmad to charity. The FBI affidavit says there's no evidence any politician knew Fai's money had come from the ISI. "I was really stunned that he might be an agent, undisclosed and unregistered," Pitts said. "I was shocked."

After his arrest, Fai sat down for another interview with Linden.

This time, Fai admitted that he had been affiliated with the ISI for 15 years and that no one on the Kashmiri American Council board had known the group was funded by the ISI, Kromberg said at the detention hearing. Fai also allegedly wasn't just bankrolled by Pakistani spies. Instead, Kromberg said, Fai "agreed that the ISI directs him, Mr. Fai, to go to certain conferences and to report on certain people, including some that were mentioned in the criminal complaint."

Fai told ProPublica he's stopped talking to Ahmad or anyone else in Pakistan. He said he doesn't want anyone else to get in trouble.

While under house arrest, Fai keeps working even as he reports all his meetings to the FBI. He goes to the mosque to meet friends. He edits a new 54-page paper on Kashmir, focusing on topics such as the U.N. resolution from 1949 and the visit of the imam of Kaaba in 1980. He sends out emails to the Kashmiri American Council's mailing list, saying he will keep fighting for Kashmiris to decide their future.

"God willing!" he wrote in one. "I will continue to do that in days, weeks, months and years to come."

Raheel Khursheed, an independent journalist based out of Srinagar, has covered Kashmir and Indian politics for more than five years. He tweets at @Raheelk.

Barry Schmittou

Oct. 3, 2011, 12:34 p.m.

American corporations are more dangerous than Pakistan !!

Wachovia Bank laundered $378 billion for Mexican drug cartels that are responsible for 35,000 murders. No one was prosecuted by Obama !!

Wachovia was fined 110 million which is only one third of one percent of the money they laundered !!

Wachovia gave Obama and other candidates $1.3 million in contributions in 2008. Wells Fargo bought Wachovia and they also gave huge contributions during this time period.

In 2008 President Obama received $30,000 from MetLife VP James Lipscomb, and $2,600 from attorney Bruce Yannett. Obama also took hundreds of thousands more dollars from MetLife and the law firm named Debevoise & Plimpton LLP that employs attorney Mr. Yannett !!

Then Lipscomb and Yannett signed MetLife’s third Non Prosecution agreement for committing multiple frauds and rigging bids to increase sales of disability policies;

BUT when sick and dying patients file claims on these policies Obama’s DOL/DOJ will do nothing about doctors paid by MetLife ignoring brain lesions, Multiple Sclerosis, cardiac conditions of many patients, and a foot a new mother broke in five places, as evidenced by quotes from numerous federal Court Judges.

Here are quotes that Obama’s DOL and DOJ reviewed and then refused to take action.

U.S. District Judge Richard Enslen wrote :

“Metlife and its henchmen should appreciate that such conduct may itself precipitate the suicide death of a person who has placed implicit trust in their organization. This record is an open indictment of MetLife’s practices and treatment of the mentally-ill and long-term disability benefits.”

U.S. Judge Jennifer Guerm wrote these quotes in Wright verses Metlife :

“MetLife relied on clearly erroneous findings of fact in making its benefit determination. MetLife’s review of Plaintiff’s appeal consistently omitted or misrepresented relevant information in several ways. On October 18, 2004, Dr. Barnett wrote a letter to MetLife stating:

“I am gravely disturbed by your misrepresentation of the facts with regard to my discussion with your independent physician consultant. Mr. Wright has ongoing cardiac disease including ischemia and loss of function due to previous myocardial infarctions.”

U.S. District Judge Nancy Gertner won the Thurgood Marshall Award of the American Bar Association in 2008.

Here are two important quotes Judge Gertner wrote about Metlife:

“It misquoted Whitehouse’s doctors and cherry-picked or took out of context statements made. The denials continued to press factual inaccuracies even after being informed of the errors.”

“Perhaps most egregious of all, it misquotes Dr. Bhan as stating that Whitehouse “[was] able to function” AR 116 when, in fact, he said “she was not able to function.” AR 121 (emphasis added).

These quotes were written by the Honorable Judges from the 6th Circuit in the case of Wanda Glenn verses Metlife :

“This inappropriately selective consideration of Glenn’s medical record was compounded by the fact that the occupational skills analyst and the independent medical consultant were apparently not provided with full information from Dr. Patel on which to base their conclusions.”

That is from a disability claim; please remember WFAA wrote this about Workers Comp claims :

“Some insurance companies send peer review doctors medical files “stripped” of records important to the possible approval of workers’ comp claims.”

WFAA - TV also wrote :

“a remarkable number of Texans committed suicide because they could no longer endure the pain caused by their injuries and they had been repeatedly turned down for worker’s comp care.”

During the time period of the suicides Obama’s contributors at AIG rigged billions of dollars in bids to increase sales of Workers Comp policies.

AIG gave Obama at least $119,670 in 2008 and spent $83 million lobbying in ten years.

The following quotes prove a third type of insurance where medical records are removed by Obama campaign contributors. Here are quotes from ProPublica regarding injured war zone contractors insurance :”

“CNA withheld portions of the investigators’ findings when it submitted the claims to the Labor Department, court records show.”

Labor officials can recommend cases for prosecution to the Justice Department–but have only done so once in the past two decades, according to Labor officials.”

Prudential, and Unum insurance also received Non Prosecution agreements for bid rigging group health, disability, life and related policies

I assert the illegal influence that American corporations are inflicting upon democracy is more dangerous than the illegal influence of Pakistan’s ISI.

American corporations know that they can destroy lives and repeatedly violate laws. If they are even caught the worse gthing that will happen is they may be fined a small percentage of the profits they made when they committed the dangerous crimes !!

Ramana Murthy

Oct. 3, 2011, 12:49 p.m.

Superb article. Excellent research and very nicely presented. Thank You.

While comprehensive, I can’t help but think that there’s a flaw in the article in fingering Fai without calling our “representatives” to the carpet for allowing money from a foreign power affect their voting record.  I mean, I’m pretty sure that’s not something to simply blow off.

And by the way, six figure payouts lead to that much power?  It’s bad enough that Congress is for sale, but at those prices, I’m insulted!

@ Barry -

Are you able to provide any links/sources for any of this information?  I’d like to be ble to check into situations like these…

Barry Schmittou

Oct. 3, 2011, 2:11 p.m.

@ Christine

Thank you for your interest Christine !

Please go to to see evidence I filed in Federal Court.

Last week U.S. District Judge Trauger denied my latest request for a special prosecutor.

You will see extensive evidence regarding the Non Prosecution agreements, plus evidence of insurance companies ignoring life threatening medical conditions in multiple types of claims.

The website does not have my latest evidence regarding a disemboweled woman being hung from a bridge in Mexico last week, 35 bodies being dumped on a major road in front of a Mexican mall last week (while horrified drivers sped by), and the gun walking scandal where ATF allowed thousands of guns to be smuggled to Mexican drug Lords.

If you go to and look at the very end you will see my secondary email address. I can send you more evidence from there if you think you can help.

I have had cancer burned from one eye and orbital surgery on the other eye, and it is hard for me to type but I believe all average citizens of the world are in great danger so I must persist.

Here’s proof insurance companies are removing medical records in three types of insurance while the DOL and DOJ protect them.

ProPublica wrote :

Labor officials can recommend cases for prosecution to the Justice Department–but have only done so once in the past two decades, according to Labor officials.”

“CNA withheld portions of the investigators’ findings when it submitted the claims to the Labor Department, court records show.”

Here’s proof insurance companies are removing medical records in two more types of insurance :

The following quotes were written by the Honorable Judges from the 6th Circuit in the case of Wanda Glenn verses Metlife, (Case Number 05-3918)

“This inappropriately selective consideration of Glenn’s medical record was compounded by the fact that the occupational skills analyst and the independent medical consultant were apparently not provided with full information from Dr. Patel on which to base their conclusions.”

Please remember WFAA wrote this about Workers Comp claims :

“Some insurance companies send peer review doctors medical files “stripped” of records important to the possible approval of workers’ comp claims.”

So ... you have records removed from injured War Zone Contractors claims, disability claims, and workers comp claims !!

DOL Secretary Solis “is responsible” for protecting the disability claimants and the injured contractors, and the DOJ should investigate the suicides of the injured workers mentioned below, but they have done nothing after reviewing volumes of evidence I have submitted.

WFAA - TV also wrote :

“a remarkable number of Texans committed suicide because they could no longer endure the pain caused by their injuries and they had been repeatedly turned down for worker’s comp care.”

Here are quotes that Obama’s DOL and DOJ reviewed and then refused to take action.

U.S. District Judge Richard Enslen wrote :

“Metlife and its henchmen should appreciate that such conduct may itself precipitate the suicide death of a person who has placed implicit trust in their organization. This record is an open indictment of MetLife’s practices and treatment of the mentally-ill and long-term disability benefits.”

U.S. Judge Jennifer Guerm wrote these quotes in Wright verses Metlife :

“MetLife relied on clearly erroneous findings of fact in making its benefit determination. MetLife’s review of Plaintiff’s appeal consistently omitted or misrepresented relevant information in several ways. On October 18, 2004, Dr. Barnett wrote a letter to MetLife stating:

“I am gravely disturbed by your misrepresentation of the facts with regard to my discussion with your independent physician consultant. Mr. Wright has ongoing cardiac disease including ischemia and loss of function due to previous myocardial infarctions.”

You can see many more Judges and treating physicians quotes by going to

You may also want to look at the story and comments on the ProPublica story titled “Injured War Contractors Sue Over Health Care, Disability Payments”

The story is linked on ProPublica’s home page when you scroll down and look left.

Thank you again Christine !

@ Barry

I’d like to see real citations rather than stuff off a blog.

George Laszlo

Oct. 3, 2011, 3:56 p.m.

I would sure appreciate it if people who are commenting on a story here would stick to the topic presented. On that note, it is sad that our representatives in Washington pay more attention to causes brought to them by those with foreign interests than their own constituents. While I would be happy if the Kashmiri problem was solved, I know with certainty it is not a subject that any of my representatives have asked me about. In other words, it seems that our representatives spend more time listening to others than their own constituents. Having the right to vote and the ability to make donations does not seem to be enough to get them to talk to us. A sad state of affairs.

Barry Schmittou

Oct. 3, 2011, 5:15 p.m.

@ George and Dave,

George, I believe my comments are related to the topic because corporations have done more than influence Washington, they control the leaders of both political parties.

Any action of the U.S. Government is suspect because they prosecuted no one at Wachovia even though they laundered $378 billion for Mexican Drug cartels associated with 35,000 murders.

Additionally Obamaand Bush have allowed multiple corporations to commit crimes repeatedly and no one was prosecuted, and they have let MetLife and doctors paid by MetLife ignore brain lesions, Multiple Sclerosis, cardiac conditions of many patients, a foot a new mother broke in five places, and attack multiple psychological patients.

George, you can also scroll past my comment if you aren’t interested


I’ve had cancer burned from one eye and orbital surgery on the other. There are volumes of evidence. Obama’s Directors have seen the evidence and done nothing.

You should have noticed notice that my blog has links to news stories about the $378 billion that Wachovia laundered and Obama’s failure to prosecute.

There are also links to official government websites that show the multiple Non Prosecution agreements that have been given to AIG and others who have committed crimes repeatedly while and no one was prosecuted !!

I post my full name on ProPublica, file documents in Court that are seen on my blogs. I also filed a complaint on Tennessee State Senator John Ford that led to his federal conviction. If you can show me how you can get action to stop the crimes I’ve mentioned in my comments and on the blogs then I’ll work to get you more evidence as I mentioned to Christine.

If you are really interested you can google search the case names and find the full cases that I’ve quoted on

Obama’s DOL Director’s have seen the evidence and sent me letters from Washington that are quoted at and then did nothing !!

Dave, I post the evidence on ProPublica because I am certain thousands of lives are being destroyed every year because the U.S. Government protects corporate crimes. My internet postings have allowed me to help others, and I was contacted by Marc Munro who told me I was helpful in his decision to contact ProPublica about his story which made international headlines.

Marc gave me his phone number and I gave it to T. Christian Miller (who was actively requesting that Marc contact him) and
T. wrote the story that is seen at :

The evidence seen at has been filed in Court as seen on the blog.

If you looked at the blog you would see the links to the Bloomberg story and Guardian Observer story that prove $378 billion was laundered by Wachovia and no one was prosecuted :

Dave, I believe that is a good beginning to verifying evidence of mass murders associated with those who laundered $378 billion through Wachovia, while no one was prosecuted and Obama and others received $1,268,970 in contributions from Wachovia.

I will close with a quote from CNN news from September 15th, 2011 and a quote from Bloomberg seen at the link above :

CNN wrote :

“Two mangled bodies hanging like cuts of meat from a pedestrian bridge. A woman was hogtied and disemboweled, her intestines protruding from three deep cuts on her abdomen. Attackers left her topless, dangling by her feet and hands from a bridge in the border city of Nuevo Laredo. Mexico’s notoriously ruthless drug gangs regularly hang victims from bridges and highway overpasses.”

Bloomberg news wrote :

“It’s the banks laundering money for the cartels that finances the tragedy,” says Martin Woods, director of Wachovia’s anti-money-laundering unit in London from 2006 to 2009. Woods says he quit the bank in disgust after executives ignored his documentation that drug dealers were funneling money through Wachovia’s branch network.

“If you don’t see the correlation between the money laundering by banks and the 22,000 people killed in Mexico, you’re missing the point,” Woods says.

“I am sure Wachovia knew what was going on,” says Jose Marmolejo, who oversaw the criminal investigation into Wachovia’s customers in Mexico. “It went on too long and they made too much money not to have known.”

(In the recent Obama ATF Gun Walking scandal CBS indicated there are now 35,000 murders associated with the drug cartels that benefited from Wachovia’s $378 billion in money laundering)

Amazing investigation. Americas obsession with personal freedom is at the root of the problem.How FAI WAS ABLE TO CARRY ON HIS ACTIVITIES UNDER THE VERY EYES OF FBI&CIAIS; WORTH INVESTIGATING.

Dr. Gul M. Chughtai

Oct. 4, 2011, 8:43 a.m.

This is in regards to Mr. Fai and Zaheer Ahmad, I am indeed shocked to abour Dr. Fai that he was a spy and getting money thru mr. Zaheer ahmad. I knew Fai that he was working for the Kashmiri caus. But certainly We were aware about Mr. Zaheer Ahmad who was involved in money laundering, cheating, committing fraud with Shifa Int hospital investors. We spoke and gave press conferences about Zaheer’s illegal activities. We made complaints after complaints to the President, Gen Musharaf, NAB Authority and Chief Justice of Pakistan. No justice from the court system or the Government. We were unaware thgat mr. Zaheer can be an agent and was being supported by ISI. Several investors became victim of Zaheer’s lust and there was no justice in Pakistan. He bribed judges and the and no one can dare to speak against him. Now he is still in OUR hospital and no one can dare to arrest despite has been charged by the US Government.  Now we hope the justice will prevail.

Shame ! (on the headline writer)

Very professional article, well researched and well written that reported the facts and allowed reader to form his or her own opinion

The headline is a cheap unsupported conclusion that is not reported in the story and detracts from the story’s quality.

@Dr. Gul M. Chughtai

Would you like to tell people that you was head of Cancer department at Shifa Hospital and have fight with Dr. Zaheer after mistreatment of cancer patients under you watch. nope why should you.

Mr. Chughtai you stinks, a traitor of not his friend but also the country named Pakistan.

Very impressive.  Top-rate journalism.
What’s the big deal about ISI funded event.

ISI is not an outlawed, banned terror outfit. It is the security agency of a sovereign country, much like India’s RAW.

So while some hawks merrily go to seminars organised and backed by Pakistan government, there is a certain kind of high moral ground taken in rejecting the ones funded by ISI, which despite all its flaws and even its proximity to some terror groups is distinct from Taliban or any other non-state militant outfit.
ISI’s role has shifted from counter-intelligence or counter-espionage to troublemaking in the region and maintaining links to militant outfits, which now operate with a degree of autonomy.
We should start treating ISI the way we treated the Iranian Quds Force in Iraq. To stop the Quds Force from targeting our troops via local proxies, we mounted a multi-pronged campaign that included everything from the arrest of Quds Force operatives, to diplomatic pressure, to economic sanctions.

The same model should be employed against the ISI. Apply economic sanctions against its vast range of business interests. Limit the travel and freeze the assets of its leaders, starting with its current head, Lieutenant General Ahmed Shuja Pasha.

A designation of the ISI as a formal state sponsor of terrorism might also be in order.
US authorities describe ISI as a terrorist organisation.

Recommendations to interrogators at Guantánamo Bay rank ISI alongside al-Qaida, Hamas and Hezbollah in Lebanon as threats; The ISI is listed among 36 groups including Egyptian Islamic Jihad, led by al-Qaida deputy leader Ayman al-Zawahiri, the Sabotage Battalion of Chechen Martyrs, the Iranian intelligence services, and the Muslim Brotherhood.,8599,2037875,00.html
The ISI is not a rogue agency that does exactly what it wants. It falls squarely under Pakistan’s military. The commander and chief controls the budget as well as personnel appointments.,8599,2094844,00.html
A misunderstanding we need to dispense with is that the ISI is somehow a rogue organization outside of Pakistan’s chain of command and is pursuing a pro-Taliban agenda all its own. The Pakistani army can remove the ISI director, General Ahmad Shuja Pasha — or any other officer of the organization — at a moment’s notice.
It is a well-known fact that the head of the ISI reports to the army chief.
Pakistan undoubtedly deserves to be placed high on the American government’s list of those countries guilty of state sponsorship of terrorism along with Syria and Iran. Indeed, Pakistan makes use of the Kashmir militants in much the same way as Iran uses Hezbollah; as a powerful political bargaining chip and to fight a proxy-war against a more powerful neighbour.

Dr. Zaheer Ahmad conveniently (for the ISI) died of a heart attack just the other day. Mr. Fai is counting his lucky stars that he resides far away from their clutches as he sings like a bird (or at least like David Headley) to the Feds.

@Rahul Singh, nice compilation. The ISI is certainly not a rogue operation, but its rogue outlaw behavior is most certainly sanctioned by the Corps Commanders of the Pakistani military, and equally certainly Generals Kayani and Pasha (and Musharraf before) were aware of the ISI’s rogue operations - including the massacres in Mumbai. Which is why the suit against Messrs Kayani and Pasha, filed by the family of the slain Rabbi must be allowed to progress.

Kashmir is a non-issue manufactured by Pakistan to justify their crazed unrelenting hostility towards India. Take away Kashmir and they will manufacture another to keep the pot simmering. The reality is that they haven’t come close to giving their Kashmiri citizens a fraction of the rights or democratic institutions that Indian Kashmiris receive. Instead they use their Kashmiris as canon fodder for their foolish adventures, as with the Kargil incursions, and being the cowards that they are they then refuse to accept their dead bodies because they wish to pretend that the Northern Light Infantry had no official sanction to occupy Indian territory and spark the war which ended in a route like all the wars they instigated against India before.

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