Journalism in the Public Interest

Despite Safety Concerns at Texas Refinery, U.S. Won’t Revoke BP Probation


The BP Texas City Chemical plant in 2005. (Photo by Dave Einsel/Getty Images)

The Justice Department has decided not to revoke probation that the government had imposed on BP as part of an agreement to address safety violations at the company's Texas City refinery, site of a deadly 2005 explosion. The decision comes despite a government warning earlier this year that it might revoke the company's probation if BP failed to address the Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s continuing concerns about safety at the refinery.

Since a blast at the refinery in 2005 killed 15 workers, BP has faced both criminal and civil actions for violations identified in investigations after the accident. As part of its plea agreement to resolve the criminal charges it faced after the 2005 blast, BP was given three years' probation.

Some of the details of the Justice Department’s decision not to revoke the company’s probation are still murky, but according to the Houston Chronicle, a decision to do so would have opened the company up to further criminal prosecution.

Attorneys for the families of victims have advocated such an action for some time, especially after the company’s Gulf disaster and its 40-day release of toxic chemicals from the Texas City refinery—both of which occurred over the summer and still await resolution.

The backstory behind the problems at Texas City, as we’ve noted, is extensive. After the 2005 blast, BP entered into a settlement agreement to address a number of items flagged as potential safety hazards at the refinery—items it had four years to correct. In an agreement with U.S. prosecutors negotiated in 2007 and approved by a federal judge in March 2009, BP was fined $50 million and put on probation.

Later that year, a civil investigation by OSHA found BP to be noncompliant with the terms of the settlement. On top of that, the federal government’s workplace safety agency also found hundreds of new violations, and issued an $87 million fine for both the new violations and the violations of the settlement.

Then, in January of this year, the Department of Justice warned BP that “if it failed to resolve the allegations of non-compliance to OSHA’s satisfaction, the government might seek revocation and/or extension of probation,” according to letters issued this month by Justice Department attorney Daniel Dooher, and first reported by

But in those letters, the Justice Department backed off that warning, saying that it “is not seeking a revocation or extension of probation at this time,” and is instead giving BP more time to correct the hundreds of problems that have plagued its Texas City refinery and caused the deaths of 19 people since 2005.

BP has disputed altogether that it was in violation of its original settlement agreement, even as it agreed last month to settle OSHA’s allegations of continued noncompliance.

“Our settlement agreement does not admit any violation of the previous agreement and, in fact, specifically denies that BP has failed to comply with the previous agreement,” BP spokesman Scott Dean told us in an e-mailed statement in August. (As we noted, BP has not yet paid the full amount for its 2009 fines from OSHA, but has thus far paid $50 million for the uncorrected violations and is still litigating over the $30 million penalty assessed for the new violations.)

In the two Justice Department letters, the goverment said that because BP paid the $50 million fine to OSHA last month and entered into a new agreement to address OSHA’s safety concerns at the refinery, the department would accept the terms of the new agreement, which gives BP until March 12, 2012 to meet the full requirements of the original settlement. According to the Justice Department letters, BP agreed with the government’s assessment.

BP did not return requests for comment from Bloomberg, Truthout, or ProPublica regarding the Justice Department’s decision not to revoke its probation.

Joseph Brandon

Sep. 28, 2010, 3:34 p.m.

Our regulatory systems do not seem to be providing appropriate incentives for BP to comply with requirements.  To continue to accept non-compliant behavior diminishes the value of the regulations, which reduces incentives for any company to comply with requirements.  Should we accept this apparent regulatory dysfunction, or should we be looking for other incentive strategies?

Bob Higgins

Sep. 28, 2010, 5 p.m.

Until we eliminate the idea that corporations are people and have the rights of citizens under the law we will be forced to deal continually with criminal actors like BP.

If John Gotti had had the same access to the legal and lobbying talent, as well as the influence in congress and money as BP, he would not have died in prison.

Dominick Mastroserio

Sep. 28, 2010, 5:22 p.m.

...Unlike that Hispanic activist who went back to jail for violating his probation by texting a friend on FaceBook.

Once again we clearly witness the power of money to buy justice.

I hope the Hispanic activist had enough friends to buy his.


To paraphrase Richard Pryor: If you come down here lookin’ for justice that’s what you’ll find, just us.


To paraphrase Richard Pryor: If you come down here lookin’ for justice that’s what you’ll find, just us.

Dominick Mastroserio

Sep. 28, 2010, 6:07 p.m.

Bob -

As an Italian, I have little personal love of France but I do have personal French friends.

However, I do hold sacred the French people’s historical and valiant fight for Liberty, Equality and Fraternity…the French people martyred themselves for the right of free people to be equal under law.

Will we here fight and die with liberty on our lips, in America, for the ratification and realization of equal and incorruptible justice?

Will we at last emerge from Richard Pryors ‘down here’ AND from under the plutocrats’ heels?

Or will we still be chanting ‘Let my people go’ when there’s nowhere left to go?

Dominick Mastroserio

Sep. 28, 2010, 6:12 p.m.

Because that Hispanic activist could not, a la BP, pre-pay for his justice he may now be enduring a cruel injustice.


I read a brief news story on the case you’re referring to but I don’t remember any details. Send me a name or a link if you have a minute, I’d like to re-read the story.

Dominick Mastroserio

Sep. 28, 2010, 8:19 p.m.

Sorry, Bob…have no links, just a story that stuck in my mind for its apparent injustice…like most such stories stick in my mind.

Remembering the details of evey one of the thousands of facts that stick would probably give me dementia of some sort if I tried to retain them, if you know what I mean…

Sorry, but I’m not a fact-fascinated man and see little value in facts, per se.  Its the truth that facts indicate which awakens, alerts and activates my awareness…the facts, are always open to interpretation…as is made manifestly clear by the political climate of these times. 

Maybe the truth about living in a country practicing a dual dispensation of justice will be reinforced for your awareness by reading about the Hispanic activist unfairly re-jailed for merely posting on FaceBook, as it did for me…Hope you can find it.

If I find a link, I will post here.


The guy’s name is Rod Coronado

If you Google this: Animal Activist Jailed for Accepting Facebook Friend Request

you’ll get multiple stories.

Bob Higgins

We are beyond lost.  The only way “anyone” is above laws, regulations, morals is to be owners of “our representatives”.  They’re not “ours” they’re up for the highest bidder….excuse me, lobbyist or political doners.

Guenstige Uebernachtung

Jan. 1, 2011, 2:14 a.m.

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