Journalism in the Public Interest

Class-Action Suit Filed After Katrina Hospital Deaths Settled for $25 Million

The agreement ends the action against Tenet Healthcare brought by families of people who said Memorial Medical Center in New Orleans was ill-prepared for a hurricane.


A view of the Memorial Medical Center in New Orleans, La., where the bodies of 45 patients were recovered after Hurricane Katrina in 2005. (Carlos Barria/Reuters)

A New Orleans judge gave preliminary approval today to a settlement agreement that would end a class-action lawsuit against one of the nation's largest publicly owned health care companies. Under the terms of the deal, Tenet Healthcare Corporation and a subsidiary will pay $25 million to patients and visitors trapped at Memorial Medical Center after Hurricane Katrina.

The settlement would release the company from any future liability for claims by the class members. The $25 million, minus legal fees, will be divided by a court-appointed administrator according to criteria that have not yet been established. The number of class members is unknown, but there were 187 patients and about 800 visitors in the hospital when the emergency took hold. Tenet reported revenues of more than $9 billion in 2010.

In her order, Orleans Parish civil district court Judge Rosemary Ledet called the proposed settlement "fair, reasonable and adequate." The parties reached a tentative agreement in March during jury selection for a trial, but the outlines of the agreement were kept confidential until today.

The bodies of 45 patients were found at Memorial Medical Center after the August 2005 storm. Some doctors subsequently acknowledged that they had hastened the deaths of patients by injecting them with drugs. No criminal charges were ever brought, and the medical staff said they had done their best under extraordinary conditions.

Some relatives of patients who died at Memorial have opted out of the class-action suit and pursued separate claims against Tenet and other defendants. Survivors of some patients settled a separate action against LifeCare, a long-term acute care hospital that leased space at Memorial; one, whose mother died several days after he personally rescued her from Memorial, disclosed in a deposition receiving a payment of more than $200,000.

The lawsuit against the hospital and its parent company, Tenet Healthcare Corporation, alleged that they failed to prepare for and respond sufficiently to a foreseeable disaster. Patients and others who took shelter at Memorial were harmed, the plaintiffs claimed, because emergency plans for evacuation and backup power were inadequate.

The hospital was plunged into darkness after its backup generators failed, and helicopters hired by the corporation did not arrive until two days after the streets around Memorial flooded. Maintenance staff at the hospital had warned prior to Katrina that the hospital's electrical system was vulnerable to flooding, a known hazard in the low-lying city.

In the settlement agreement, Tenet and the hospital, which has since been sold, deny all of the allegations brought against them in the case, as they have previously. Records in the case show that Tenet and hospital officials spent days frantically soliciting assistance for the hospital from FEMA, the Coast Guard, the National Guard, state officials and private ambulance companies. Attorneys for Tenet and Memorial had lined up experts to testify that the city's failed levees, a chaotic government response and the hurricane itself are what created the deadly environment.

A commentary on the case published this week in the Journal of the American Medical Association said that health care entities may increasingly face legal action for deficiencies in emergency preparedness. It called for clearer legal standards for hospitals "so health care entities are not compelled to prepare endlessly for every contingency."

Potential members of the class have until Sept. 27 to lodge complaints or objections to the settlement. Those will be considered at a final courthouse hearing in New Orleans in October.

Barry Schmittou

July 22, 2011, 10:49 a.m.

God please be with all those who passed away and their families !!

At least there were no successful civil suits against individual nurses or doctors. As a tourist who was stuck in the Superdome during Katrina and the levee failures I saw many incredibly heroic actions by health providers. Those who stuck around to help those in need, doing the best they could under horrific conditions were true heroes.       

Paul Harris        
Author, “Diary From the Dome, Reflections on Fear and Privilege During Katrina”

How much are the lawyers getting?  If they take a third, then that would leave just $88,000 per patient, based on 187 patients.

Rachel Dietzen

July 25, 2011, 9:42 p.m.

I used to wonder why we never heard from any of the family members about how the death of their loved ones. I used to wonder why they kept so quiet about what happened. Now we know why. 25million is a lot of hush money. But, nothing compared what the hospital and that doctor faced if the truth had come out and those records from the investigation had ever been made public. Something her attorneys are still fighting to keep secret. Now we can only wonder why they won’t allow them to be seen.

So now the hospital system has to cover $25M in lawsuits….and now must spend large amounts of money preparing itself for the next time a cat 5 hurricane hits, the levees are not maintained. the levees break, the state gov fails, and the fed gov fails…..

So now the hospital system has to cover $25M in lawsuits….and now must spend large amounts of money preparing itself for the next time a cat 5 hurricane hits, the levees are not maintained. the levees break, the state gov fails, and the fed gov fails…that should keep healthcare costs down.

This article is part of an ongoing investigation:

Deadly Choices

In the tragedy of Katrina, one hospital faced choices with the gravest of consequences.

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