The Best Watchdog Journalism On Fracking
A special edition of Top #Muckreads in advance of a ProPublica Tenement Talk on “The Perils and Promise of Fracking.”
On Monday, April 9, we’re hosting a live discussion at New York City’s Tenement Museum on “The Perils and Promise” of using hydraulic fracturing to drill for natural gas. So, to get the conversation going, we collected some of the can’t-miss watchdog journalism on fracking.
Halliburton’s Interests Assisted by White House, Los Angeles Times, October 2004
Despite environmental concerns raised by staff members at the Environmental Protection Agency, former President George W. Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney firmly supported hydraulic fracturing, which just happened to be developed by Halliburton, a company Cheney headed from 1995 to 2000.
Buried Secrets: Is Natural Gas Drilling Endangering U.S. Water Supplies? ProPublica, November 2008
A 2004 EPA study concluded fracking did not pose a risk to drinking water, but contamination was far more prevalent than indicated in the report. A case in rural Wyoming was the first recognized by a federal agency. But more than 1,000 cases tied to drilling and fracking have been documented by courts and state and local governments — including one that blew up a house. (We normally don’t include our own work in these “Best Of” roundups, but reporting on natural gas drilling by Abrahm Lustgarten, Joaquin Sapien and others at ProPublica has won numerous journalism awards.)
State Oil and Gas Regulators Are Spread Too Thin To Do Their Jobs, ProPublica, December 2009
As fracking operations ballooned in 22 states, regulators struggled to keep up. Questions about resources required to regulate fracking rarely entered the debate, but it was hard to ignore in a place like Texas, where the number of new wells drilled each year jumped 75 percent between 2003 and 2009, and state regulatory staff increased just 5 percent. (We created a database that lets you find out how big the gas drilling regulatory staff is in your state.)
Game Changer, This American Life, July 2011
One Pennsylvania professor discovers that fracking is an economic boon; another, that the technique is an environmental nightmare. Politics ensue, and the resulting story provides poignant insight into what happens when a game changer hits a state, “like natural gas hit Pennsylvania.”
Fracking at Drinking Water Source for 80,000 Pennsylvanians Raises Alarms, Inside Climate News, July 2011
When one Pennsylvania water utility leased its watershed to gas drillers without public input or regulation, residents, even those not totally opposed to fracking, became concerned. Though this watershed was the only one to have leased its land, many others were being courted.
A Tainted Water Well, and Concern There May Be More, The New York Times, August 2011
For decades, oil and gas industry executives claimed that fracking never contaminated underground drinking water. But one EPA report documents a case in which that's exactly what happened — and that report was published in 1987. The same report suggested that more cases may have occurred, but sealed settlements between energy companies and landowners blocked researchers from further investigations.
Hunt for Gas Hits Fragile Soil, and South Africans Fear Risks, The New York Times, December 2011
More than 30 countries are considering fracking for natural gas or oil, often at the encouragement of the United States. Especially in developing nations, it’s often been adopted with a “drill-first, figure-out-regulations-later attitude” that could lead to environmental problems.
How the Sierra Club Took Millions from the Natural Gas Industry — and Why They Stopped, Time, February 2012
Some environmental groups initially promoted natural gas as a “bridge fuel” because of its smaller carbon footprint. But the Sierra Club’s cozy relationship with the industry blew up in the organization's face after concerns about pollution from fracking moved to the forefront. This article traces big environmental groups’ attempts to change the energy industry “from within” — and the resulting tension with grassroots supporters.
For Pennsylvania's Doctors, a Gag Order on Fracking Chemicals, Mother Jones, March 2012
A new law lets Pennsylvania doctors request information about fracking chemicals. They just can't share it with anyone – including their patients.
(ProPublica reporter Abrahm Lustgarten helped curate this list.)
The promise of abundant natural gas is colliding with fears about water contamination.
The Story So Far
The country’s push to find clean domestic energy has zeroed in on natural gas, but cases of water contamination have raised serious questions about the primary drilling method being used. Vast deposits of natural gas, large enough to supply the country for decades, have brought a drilling boom stretching across 31 states. The drilling technique being used, called hydraulic fracturing, shoots water, sand and toxic chemicals into the ground to break up rock and release the gas.